Parramatta City Council is redesigning and rebuilding Parramatta Square, as per http://www.parracity.nsw.gov.au/your_council/news/Parramatta_Square.
Should they include underground station box in designs, or retrofit later?
Alan Kohler in Business Spectator 19/6/15 says quite a lot about the under-grounding question plus broader aspects of this matter.<br>EXCERPT from his article "Political dysfunction is taking its toll on our infrastructure":<br>"Australia’s lack of urban subway networks is arguably the nation’s biggest, most problematic, infrastructure failing.<br><br>Most of the transport challenges in Melbourne and Sydney have to do with compensating for the absence of adequate underground public transport, apart from a single loop in each city.<br><br>As the Governor of New York, Andrew Cuomo, said: “What made Manhattan Manhattan was the underground infrastructure, that engineering marvel.”<br>The same goes for London and Paris, not to mention Shanghai, Beijing, Budapest, Stockholm, Minsk etc. In fact it’s hard to think of a city of any size without a subway, except in Australia.<br><br>The reason, in history, is the sense that Australia’s wide-open spaces and cheap land meant there was no need to dig under the surface for transport. When other cities were tunnelling subways throughout the 20th century, driven by the high cost of land, Sydney and Melbourne were sticking to the surface.